Article 10 of the agreement states that “1. Computer programs, whether in the source code or in the object code, must be protected as literary works under the Berne Convention (1971). (2) The compilation of data or any other material, whether machine-readable or in any other form, constituting spiritual creations because of the choice or disposition of their content, must be protected as such. Such protection, which does not cover the data or material itself, does not affect the copyrights that exist in the data or materials themselves. It has therefore been argued that the TRIPS standard, which requires all countries to have strict IP systems in place, will harm the development of the poorest countries.   It has been argued that it is in the strategic interest of most, if not all, countries to use the flexibility available in TRIPS to pass the weakest IP laws.  24The two main paradigms of technical change that we audited led to a vertical schism among LDC intellectuals. The theory of dependency is always addressed to the majority, who see the WTO as another form of neo-imperialism. (c) with respect to the rights of performers, phonogram producers and broadcasters that are not covered by this agreement; In particular, the TRIPS requires WTO members to grant intellectual property rights to authors and other copyright holders as well as to neighbouring rights holders, i.e. performers, phonograms and broadcasters; Geographical indications Industrial designs; Built-in switching designs Patents New plant varieties Brands; Trade names and undisclosed or confidential information. TRIPS also defines enforcement procedures, remedies and dispute resolution procedures. The protection and enforcement of all intellectual property rights must be consistent with the objectives that contribute to the promotion of technological innovation and the transfer and dissemination of technology, to the mutual benefit of producers and users of technological knowledge, and in a way that promotes social and economic well-being, and a balance of rights and obligations. On the other hand, intellectual property laws have been criticized.
Some argue that intellectual property rights are not necessary because of market forces that are already sufficient to create an optimal level of creative activity. The desire for 38 At a time when information can easily be transferred around the world, the idea that innovation can be possessed has been questioned.39 While many observers have argued the benefits of free trade agreements with respect to U.S. intellectual property interests, many observers have highlighted the benefits of free trade agreements.39 Free Trade Agreement with respect to the interests of free trade U.S. Intellectual Property. expressed other concerns about the impact or impact of these agreements. Some commentators have expressed concern that free trade agreements could lead to complications in efforts to reform U.S. law, even in circumstances where changes to national intellectual property rules would be desirable in the future.122 In particular, if Congress would like to make further changes to its laws incompatible with free trade agreements. , the United States should either renegotiate these agreements. , or the possibility of violating their conditions. A possible example of this is the importation of patented medicines into the United States, a subject that Singapore, Australia and Morocco free trade agreements are addressing. For example, Article 15.9, paragraph 4, of the free trade agreement between the United States and Morocco: finally, what are the long-term economic consequences of this agreement for India? There are a number of reasons for intellectual property laws.